Glossary on Winery
Glossary - словарь терминов (глоссарий), применяемых в виноделии.
A B C D E F G H I J L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z
Procedure of transferring wine from one container to another by syphoning
it off from the dregs at the bottom.
Wine coming from grapes (white, red or black) that have been left
to dry after harvest, in suitable surroundings. The high sugar concentration
makes for alcoholic wines, normally sweet, with olfactory sensations
Indicates a wine with a rather unpleasant sensation similar to rancid
fats (normally due to microbic change).
Indicates a dark coloured wine (different from white or red wine)
with a bitter smell like dried grass and a strong short, bitterish taste,
something like hazel nut. This strange combination of properties is
a consequence of oxidation which for some particular wines e. g. marsala,
madeira and jerez, is a typical characteristic, whereas for normal wines
it represents a serious flaw.
A wine to be drunk in the shortest possible time and whose aging
is not recommended.
Alcohol purified using fractional distillation of a high alcoholic
degree (96,97° g/l).
Reddy Brown (Brownish)
Dark red colour somewhat on the brown side.
A red colour, a little on the orange side due to extensive aging
(or intense oxidation).
A wine lacking in olfactory and gustatory sensations due to staying
in the bottle a long time.
Really slow fermentation carried out after tumultous fermentation and
which transforms residual sugars into alcohols and other substances.
A number of elements improving the quality of the wine at a mature stage
intending to perfect the qualifying characterictics which finally individualises
Indicates the various colour shades in wine.
Refrigeration / Chill Proofing
Unexpected and violent cooling procedure used on musts and wines.
Indicates, usually, a wine with a resinlike sensation (e.g. of
spruce, larch and other resinous plants).
Yeast with the particular characteristics of fermenting or living
in a wine with a high alcohol content or with carbon dioxide pressure.
A wine with lots of colour and a good alcoholic strength.
Ripening (of Wine)
Step by step natural development of a young wine followed up by a physicalchemical
and organoleptic balance, enhancing all its qualities harmoniously.
A wine of excellent original constitution, with remarkable colour, body
and alcohol content, all lasting harmoniously in time.
Rose (Fresh or Withered)
Indicates the combined olfactory and flavour sensations similar to the
above mentioned flower.
Indicates a wine rich in extract, body and tannin, therefore somewhat
bitter but smoothens with time.
Indicates a smooth wine of pleasant acidity, harmonious (i.e. it may
be swished round easily in the mouth).
Indicates a wine with a lively red colour, resembling the ruby stone.
It may vary in intensity and has different reflexes (violet, garnet
Indicates the unpleasant tactile sensation of rugosity, mainly due to
oxidized products of tannins.